year 9, Issue 19 (9-2019)                   mmi 2019, 9(19): 65-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Heidari F, Aliabadi M, Kalantari Khalilabad H. Qualitative Concept Elucidation of the Word “light” from Quran Text and Transferring It to the Devotional Space Body. mmi 2019; 9 (19) :65-78
1- PhD student of architecture, Yasuj Islamic Azad University, Yasuj-Iran
2- Corresponding author, PhD in architecture, assistant professor, Architecture Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz-Iran ,
3- PhD in urban planning, associate professor, Architecture and Urban Landscape Department-Tehran Academic Center for Culture, Art and Architecture Research, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2576 Views)
The manifestation of the metaphysics of "light" on the physics of the building has placed it as the main axis of aesthetics of Islamic architecture in mysticism and meaning. Light in traditional architecture and in Islamic culture is a symbol of God and divine unity. Therefore, it has a special place in the architecture of spaces, especially religious spaces, such as mosques. Today in contemporary mosques, less attention has been paid to the subject of light as an identifying element. The purpose of this article is to identify the qualitative characteristics of light (natural) based on the Quranic texts in line with the realization of the spiritual environment. The Qur'an has a central role in relation to science and religion due to its comprehensiveness. Therefore, by keeping the appearance and inspiration of the Qur'an and paying attention to it, it is possible to penetrate into the inner layers of the Quranic concepts and use these concepts in today's knowledge. The word "light" is one of the most important words of the Qur'an and its various uses in the Quranic verses form a broad radial network. To this end, this study is composed of two parts. The first part addresses the qualitative concept elucidation of the word “light” from Quran verses using content analysis with inferential -ijtihad (scholarship) approach. The outcome of the first part is the extraction of the conceptual components of “evidence principle”, “guidance principle”, “justice principle” and “excellence principle”.  The second part addresses transferring the concepts in devotional space body. This part uses survey and correlation approaches and its result is that each of these concepts is objectively visible in the body of the mosque. Obviously, with the qualitative presence of light (natural) in the worship space, objective and subjective concepts are created in space, causing the sense of spirituality (the path from appearance to inwardness) to the audience and ultimately increasing the belonging to the holy place.
The results of this study confirm the hypothesis that the user of devotional space understands the manifestation of the above mentioned concepts in a devotional space provided that he/she observe the models specified in this study.  
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