XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Art University of Isfahan
2- Art University of Isfahan , n.malek@aui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2405 Views)
The issue of education in Iran has a long history and schools are an important part of the country's historical buildings. The period of transition from Qajar to Pahlavi I is not only important because of the end and beginning of two kingdoms; Rather, this era is considered due to the fundamental developments and changes in various political, economic, social and cultural dimensions and as a result the changes in architecture and urban planning that occur in this era.
Historical sources point to several factors as the roots of this development. the most important of which are the improvement of political and economic relations with the Western world, the arrival of foreign teachers and religious missionaries to Iran, etc. The set of these developments directly affected the culture and education of the society. Following these developments, new goals and nature for education were proposed and the school buildings which with their traditional architectural model seemed unsuitable for the physical needs of the new educational system, was abandoned at once and the design of the schools was done in a new way.
Knowing the architecture of a historical species such as schools is mandatory in any place as a part of the historical and cultural identity of the people of that land. Because it results getting familiar and discovering the hidden features in the architecture the schools of that region and paves the way for future researches. Guilan like other regions of Iran underwent many changes during the Qajar and Pahlavi historical periods. Due to these developments the architecture of its schools was also affected.
The purpose of this research is to identify and analyze the architectural changes of Guilan schools and the factors affecting these changes in the mentioned period. In this research, with a descriptive-analytical method and based on field and library studies to identify and describe the schools of Guilan including: Shahid Madani School and Shahid Marhaba School in Astara, Shahpur School (Shahid Beheshti), Forough School, Maryam Elementary School and Shahpour or Shahid Beheshti School in city of Rasht - Shahid Madani School and Shahid Marhaba School in city of Astara - Sharaf School in the city of Bandar_e Anzali. in the Qajar and Pahlavi period. Recognizing the spatial features of the mentioned schools indicated that simultaneously with the progress of the educational system in the transition period from Qajar to Pahlavi new spaces were created in accordance with the new educational functions in schools which were unprecedented before. Due to the influence of the government of the time on western ideas the new schools of Guilan in this period were generally built in the European style.
Article number: 110

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