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1- shahrood university of technology
2- shahrood university of technology , islankarami@shahroodut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (610 Views)
Objective: Aging is associated with physical and mental limitations. Due to the increasing population of the elderly, it is necessary to pay attention to the needs and problems of them. As for the impact of Spatial model on human behavior, the quality of living environment of the elderly affects their mental and physical health. In this study, physical elements that affect the aging of the elderly living environment.  have been considered.
Physical factors are divided into two categories: Functional-activity and Physical-perceptual. Aging factors are also divided into three categories: Vitality, Self-esteem and Self-reliance. The elderly of district 3 and nursing home of Shahroud City have been investigated as case study.
Methods: 330questionnaires obtained with Cochran's formula were answered by the statistical population. In this research, descriptive statistical methods including mean and standard deviation and frequency of demographic variables have been used. Also, in order to examine the hypothesis of the study, inferential tests of Pearson correlation coefficient, one-way analysis of variance, multiple linear regression have been used based on independent and dependent variables. The data derived from the questionnaires is analyzed based on numerical method and has been implemented using SPSS software.Results: Pearson correlation coefficient test shows a positive and significant relationship between two variables with a coefficient of 0.79 and a significance level of 0.001.
Levin F test is confirmed to evaluate the assumption of equality of variances with F = 0.56 and significance level of 0.45. Life expectancy with the Beta 0.35 has the greatest impact on the physical quality of space. Conclusion: There is a noticeable relationship between the physical factors of living environment and space aging. . Based on the results obtained from multiple linear regression, the component of life expectancy and then the sense of loneliness has the most relationship with the physical type of space and the component of faith has the least relationship with the type of place of residence. Also, Shahroud Nursing Home has the characteristics of a suitable environment for the elderly.

Article number: 107

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