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1- , alemi@kashanu.ac.ir
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The neighborhood is one of the main elements of the historic city, which has been divided into components appropriate to social and economic conditions. The historical city of Kashan is one of the historical contexts whose neighborhoods, despite the valuable structure that is facing destruction, have been less studied; In particular, the primary nucleus and its associated neighborhoods and less codified information on the status of these neighborhoods is available; This in itself causes an increase in various interventions and injuries. Meydan Kohneh neighborhood is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city and according to the authors, it was the primary nucleus of the formation of a historical city about which there is no documented research; This neighborhood is the site of the old Jameh Mosque, which dates back to 466 AH according to its minaret inscription. This study intends to study the structure, components and spaces of Meydan Kohneh neighborhood, the evolution of this historical neighborhood. The method of this research is documentary and interpretive-historical; An attempt is made to identify the current situation of the neighborhood, its key elements and uses based on field studies, and then based on the few available historical resources, aerial maps and also the structure of historic neighborhoods in Iranian cities, the situation The existing and historical structure of the center of the neighborhood should be reconstructed and finally this should be compared with the neighborhood of the same name in Qom. The results indicate that the primary core of the neighborhood was formed near the northern edge of the old texture and along the historical passages and the Grand Mosque was one of the primary components of the neighborhood, which has been developed and expanded along with the historical evolution of the neighborhood. The Meydan Kohneh neighborhood is a main passageway to connect with other neighborhoods and probably has an old square as the center of the neighborhood, adjacent to the Grand Mosque, which has gradually disappeared and only the name of the neighborhood remains. It seems that the main passage of the neighborhood is also a historical bazaar that has been gradually destroyed. Comparison of this neighborhood with its namesake in Qom confirms that both neighborhoods in the past had a relatively similar square and use around them, which due to the passage of time, the square has disappeared and the passage (alley) of the old square and other alternative uses.
Article number: 76

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